Samia Arshad

The Effect of an Educational Intervention on Knowledge and Screening of Breast Cancer for Arab-American Women

 Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge of Arab-American women on breast cancer screening and to measure the effect of a breast cancer screening educational intervention on changing knowledge after the intervention.

Methods: We utilized data collected on 100 Arab-American women from a breast cancer literacy assessment tool comprised of 5 specific questions aimed at understanding functional breast cancer literacy levels about self-breast exams (SBE), clinical breast exams (CBE) and mammograms. Both pre and post educational intervention responses during a home visit by community health workers from the Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services were distributed among 24 families, consisting of 24 designated kin keepers, with 76 family members under the Kin Keeper model.

Results: In general, the educational program improved women’s knowledge of screening practices. However one of the 5 questions yielded a significant decline in the post response. For the remaining 4 questions, when the correct post-intervention responses were stratified according to language of instrument used, there was a higher percent of correct answers among women who chose English as their language versus Arabic. Improvement in knowledge was related to language of instrument, education, and age.

Conclusions: Our results in this population are consistent with previous research that pointed  out the main sociodemographic barriers, age & education among this group of women linked with breast cancer screening behavior in other ethnic minorities.

Location: Lansing, Michigan State University.

Supervisor: Dr. Karen Williams.

Evaluating the Knowledge of Breast Cancer Screening and Prevention among Arab-American Women in Michigan